A healthy lifestyle is important for everyone. Figure 2 shows that male life expectancy increased by 3.5 years between 2000 to 2002 and 2012 to 2014, and healthy life expectancy increased by 2.8 years. Although both of these measures have shown an increase, life expectancy has increased by more years than healthy life expectancy and therefore males had an increase in the number of years spent in poor health as well as good health. The same was also true for females (figure 3), however, the proportion of life spent in poor health remained at 20% for males and 23% for females.
It is recommended that men have around 2,500 calories a day (10,500 kilojoules). Women should have around 2,000 calories a day (8,400 kilojoules). Most adults are eating more calories than they need, and should eat fewer calories. It is best to get at least one half hour of exercise three times a week, but any amount of exercise is better than none at all! If you do not want to go jogging or swimming, try going for a brisk walk with a friend, working vigorously in the yard, or riding your bike to work.
You’ve come to the right place! The Sleep, Eat, Exercise campaign is part of the Johns Hopkins Homewood campus’ Healthy Monday program, which uses Monday as the day of the week dedicated to increase health awareness and action. People view Monday as a day for a fresh start and are more likely to starts diets and exercise regimes, quit smoking and schedule doctor’s appointments on Monday than any other day. And a Monday start helps them carry out their healthy intentions for the week. It’s part of the Healthy Monday movement, a national network of health advocacy organizations, government agencies, hospitals, health and fitness facilities, schools, businesses, and individuals are rallying together to make Monday the start of a healthier life.
If at all possible, avoid late evening or overnight shift work. If you must work a late shift, try to work the same hours every night, so you are asleep at the same time and for the same amount of time each day. Thirty minutes of modest exercise ( walking is OK) at least three to five days a week is recommended, but the greatest health benefits come from exercising most days of the week.
Every time you resist the urge to smoke, you’re one step closer to breaking your nicotine habit for good so reward yourself for your hard work. Reflect on your efforts and how healthy you are becoming – after a couple of days you’re almost nicotine free and the carbon monoxide in your blood will have dropped. By three months, circulation and immune function will improve and coughing and wheezing will ease. You’ll also feel less stressed. By a year, your lungs will be healthier.