Healthy Life is Australia’s home of ‘feel good’. Regular exercise can prevent and reverse age-related decreases in muscle mass and strength, improve balance, flexibility, and endurance, and decrease the risk of falls in the elderly. Regular exercise can help prevent coronary heart disease , stroke , diabetes , obesity, and high blood pressure Regular, weight-bearing exercise can also help prevent osteoporosis by building bone strength.
Eat small meals. Choose several small meals over huge meals. This evens out your energy distribution. It’s also better for your stomach because it doesn’t over-stretch from digesting a huge volume of food at one go, which can lead to a hiatus hernia In general, eat when you feel hungry, and stop when you’re full (see tip #24). You don’t need to wait until official meal times before you start eating. Listen to your body and what it tells you.
Shaped like a pear? Fat around the hips, butt, and thighs is usually estrogen dependent, meaning that it doesn’t go away through exercise and healthy nutrition. Torso fat, on the other hand, is associated with poor health. Research shows that you’re at greater risk of heart disease without a strong network of friends and family. Loneliness can cause inflammation, and in otherwise healthy people it can be just as dangerous as having high cholesterol or even smoking.
The trends presented in this chapter cover a relatively short time period. Consistent data for healthy life expectancy is only available for the period 2000 to 2002 to 2012 to 2014; just over 10 years. A short time frame limits the strength of any conclusions that can be made as indicators giving a summary picture of population health tend to show small changes over a single decade.
Long-term trials, following humans from early adulthood to death, are a rarity. I don’t see a human study of longevity as something that would be a fundable research programme,” says Mattison. Even if you start humans at 40 or 50 years old, you’re still looking at potentially 40 or 50 more years of study.” Plus, she adds, ensuring that extraneous factors – exercise, smoking, medical treatments, mental wellbeing – don’t influence the trial’s end results is near impossible for our socially and culturally complex species.